GATE Exam : Basic information To Get Into Amazing Career

The Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE) is a national-level standardized computer-based test predominantly aimed to test the comprehensive understanding of undergraduate subjects like engineering, technology, architecture, and post-graduate subjects.


The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) along with seven Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) jointly conduct the GATE examination every year. It is the qualifying entrance examination for getting admission in Postgraduate (PG) courses (M. E, MTech, M.Arch, Ph.D.) in IITs, NITs, IIITs, and IISc.


On behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB-GATE), Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India the exam is conducted.


The scorecard of the qualified candidate for the GATE exam is valid for 3 years from the date of the announcement of the result.


Highlights of GATE Exam


Exam Name Graduate Aptitude Test of Engineering (GATE) Exam
Conducted by Jointly by IISc and seven IITs
Frequency Once a year
Level of Exam National
Mode of Exam Computer-based test (Online)
Duration of Exam 3 hours
Question Type Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) and Numeric Answer Type (NAT)
Papers 25 Papers
Number of Registration Approx. 10 Lakhs
Number of Accepting Colleges 1402
Validity of the score 3 years
Official Website


GATE Exam Proposed Month


Event Tentative Month
GATE Notification September
GATE Admit Card January
GATE Exam February
GATE Result March




GATE Exam Eligibility


Criteria Eligibility
Nationality Indian citizens as well as candidates from other nations are also eligible to apply for the GATE exam.
Age Limit There is no age limit for the GATE exam.
Educational Qualification Bachelor’s degree in Engineering /Technology /Architecture (4 years after 10+2 /Post BSc/Post Diploma) and those who are in the final years are eligible to apply.
Master’s degree in Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Application or equivalent and those who are in the final years are eligible to apply
Candidates in the 2nd or higher year of the five-year integrated master’s degree program in (Post-BSc) in Engineering /Technology.
Candidates in the 4th or higher year of the four-year integrated master’s degree program or Dual Degree program in (Post-BSc) in Engineering /Technology.
Candidate with following professional societies examination equivalent to B.E/B.Tech is also eligible to apply :

The Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)

The Institution of Engineers (India) (IE)

The Aeronautical Society of India (AeSI)

Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (IETE)

The Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, including Polymers and Environmental Group (IIChemE)

The Indian Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE)

The Indian Institute of Metals (IIM)



GATE Exam: Eligibility Criteria for International Candidates


  • Candidate must have completed or appeared for the final year of the Bachelor’s degree (of four years) in Engineering /Technology.
  • Candidate must have or appear in the final year of the Post-graduation (Master’s degree for two years) in any science subjects.


GATE Exam: Financial Assistance During The Program 

Qualified GATE scorecard is important for securing financial assistance in a Master’s program and a direct Ph.D. in  Engineering, Technology, and Architecture. As per MHRD norm, the institute has the authority to take the candidate on the basis of their GATE score or on the basis of GATE score along with the admission test/interview conducted by the respective college the candidate has applied and the academic record.


If the candidate is selected through the interview process in postgraduation, then 70% weightage is given to the GATE score and 30% in the interview process or academic record. Qualification in GATE is the minimum requirement to apply for various fellowships awarded by many Government organizations.


The criteria for postgraduate admission with scholarship /assistantship are different for the different institutions. As per UGC and MHRD, the scholarship for the GATE qualified master’s degree students is Rs. 12,400 per month.



GATE Exam Pattern

Exam Structure Details
Number of Sections General aptitude and choice of engineering branch
Number of Questions General Aptitude (GA) -10 questions ( 5 of I marks & 5 of 2 marks each)
Paper excluding GE,XE, XL,- 55 questions (25 of 1 mark & 30 of 2 marks each)
Geology & Geophysics (GG) -55 questions (25 of 1 mark & 30 of 2 marks each)
Engineering Science (XE)- 11 questions (7 of 1 mark & 4 of 2 marks each)/Optional subject -20 questions of 35 marks (9 of 1 mark & 13 of 2 marks each)
Life Sciences (XL)- 15 questions (5 of 1 mark & 10 of 2 marks each)/Optional subject -20 questions of 30 marks (10 questions of 1 mark & 10 questions of 2 marks each)
Number of answer choices 4 – In the case of MCQ

No choice in case of NAT

Duration of Exam 3 hours
Sectional time limit No
Mode of Exam Online
Language English
Marking Scheme MCQ: +1 & 2 marks for the correct answer; 1/3 mark will be deducted for 1 mark question and 2/3 mark will be deducted for 2 marks question.
NAT: +1 & 2 marks for correct answer . No negative marking.


There is a total of 25 disciplines /subjects for GATE. Candidates can appear in only one subject in the exam from the following lists :


GATE Exam Paper Code GATE Exam Paper Code
Aerospace Engineering AE Instrumentation Engineering IN
Agricultural Engineering AG Mathematics MA
Architecture and Planning AR Mechanical Engineering ME
Bio-Medical Engineering BM Mining Engineering MN
Biotechnology BT Metallurgical Engineering MT
Civil Engineering CE Petroleum Engineering PE
Chemical Engineering CH Physics PH
Computer Science & Information Technology CS Production & Industrial Engineering PI
Chemistry CY Statistics ST
Electronics & Communication Engineering EC Textile Engineering and Fibre Science TF
Electrical Engineering EE Engineering Science XE
Ecology and Evolution EY Life Science XL
Geology & Geophysics GG


Note  the following :

  • CE, CS, EC, EE, and ME papers examinations can be conducted multiple times
  • Engineering Science (XE) and Life Science (XL) papers are general in nature which comprises of following sections.
  • Engineering Science (XE), Engineering Mathematics is compulsory while for Life Science (XL), Chemistry is compulsory.


XE- Paper Section Code XL- Paper Section Code
Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory) A Chemistry (Compulsory ) P
Any two-Optional Any two-Optional
Fluid Mechanics B Biochemistry Q
Materials Science C Botany R
Solid Mechanics D Microbiology S
Thermodynamics E Zoology T
Polymer Science and Engineering F Food Technology U
Food Technology G
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences H


Design of the Questions 


Paper Code Exam Pattern
CE,CS,EC,EE,IN,ME,AE,AG,BT,CH,MN,MT,TF,XE,PE,ST,PI General Aptitude (GA) -15 %
Engineering Mathematics – 15%
The subject of the Paper -70%
AR,CY,EY,XL,GG,MA,PH General Aptitude (GA) -15 %
The subject of the Paper -85%


GATE Marking Scheme


Paper Code GA Marks Subject Marks Total Marks Negative Marking




15 85 100 1/3 mark will be deducted for 1 mark question

2/3 mark will be deducted for 2 mark question

XE (Section A + any two sections) 15 15+2*35 100
XL (Section P + any two sections) 15 25+2*30 100


GATE Score Validity 


The score of GATE is valid for three years. But for PSU recruitment it is valid for only one year.


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