IPS : Prestigious And Amazing Career Insights

Indian Police Service commonly known as IPS is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India. Indian Police Service (IPS)  came into existence in 1948 when the British-era Indian(Imperial_Polivce was replaced. IPS officer carries lots of responsibility and also enjoys many benefits and perks. \


The Ministry of Home Affairs is the controlling authority of the IPS.




IPS Exam 

The Indian Police Service examination is a part of the Civil Service Examination conducted every year by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

There are two modes of recruitment for the Indian Public Service (IPS)


  1. Civil Service Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission( UPSC)
  2. Promotion by State Police Service Officers.


Every year, UPSC conducts the Civil Service Examination(CSE) for more than 24 services, such as IAS, IPS, and IFS, by shortlisting the candidates. More than nine lakh candidates registered for the IAS exam and almost five lakh candidates appear for the examination.


The selection process goes through several screenings starting with the preliminary exam, main examination, and interview. Selection is a year-long process that starts in the month of June and ends in April, and the final list comes in the month of May.


Name of the Exam Civil Service Examination
Organizing Body Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam Level National
Exam Mode Paper and Pen based( Offline)
Number of Vacancies Approx. 900
Number of Services 24
Number of Attempts 6 times
Number of Registrations Approx. 9Lakh
Admit Card Online
Official Website https://www.upsc.gov.in/



The UPSC generally releasees the date of the Civil Services Examinations notification in the month of February. Aspirants willing to appear for this All Indian Services along with other services can apply online by visiting the official website of UPSC.


Notification Month
Civil Service Examination Advertisement February
IPS- Online Application Form February to March
IPS- Preliminary Admit Card 2nd Week of May
IPS- Preliminary Exam October
IPS- Preliminary Result November
IPS-Main Exam January
IPS-Main Result February
IPS-Interview March to April
IPS-Final Result May



Eligibility Criteria: IPS Exam



1. Nationality

  • Candidates must be a citizen of India
  • Candidates must be a citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan.
  • Candidates must be Tibetan refugees who came to India before January 1, 1962, for settling permanently in India.
  • Candidates must a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Burma, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Myanmar, Uganda, Malawi, Tanzania, Vietnam, Zaire with the motive to settle permanently in India.


2. Educational Qualification 

  • Candidates must hold any Bachelor’s degree from any of the recognized universities. There is no minimum percentage required for graduation.
  • Candidates who have appeared for the qualifying exam and are awaiting results are also eligible.
  • Candidates with professional and technical qualifications by recognized universities or their equivalent are also eligible to apply.


3. Age Limit & Number of Attempts

A candidate should be a minimum of 21 years and a maximum of 32 years to appear for the Civil Service Examination. The maximum age mentioned above is relaxable for the following candidates :

  1. Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST): 5 years
  2. Other Backward Classes(OBC) : 3 Years
  3. Defence Service Personnel: 5 years
  4. Candidate from the State of Jammu & Kashmir: Upto max. 5 years
  5. Ex-servicemen and ECOs/SSCOs who have served at least 5 years in Military Service as of 1st of August of the Notification Year: 5 years
  6. Blind, Deaf-mute and physically handicapped person: 10 Years.
Category Maximum Age Limit No of Attempts
General 32 Years 06
Other Backwards Castes (OBC) 35 Years 09
Economically Weaker Section(EWS) 32 Years 06
Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) 37 Years Till the age limit
Physically disabled candidates 42 Years For General and OBS candidates = 9

For SC/ST Candidates = Till age limit


Physical Criteria 

The physical criteria of fulfilling the eligibility criteria of the IPS officer is as follows :

Minimum Height 

  • Men : 165 cm
  • Women : 150cm


Relaxable minimum height for candidates belonging to ST and other races like the Assamese, Garhwalias, Gorkhas, Kumaonis, Naga Tribes is 160 cm( Men) and 145cm (Women)

Minimum Chest Girth :

  • Men : 84 cm
  • Women: 79 cm



Should not exceed minus 4.00D ( including cylinder)

Hyper myopia

  • Should not exceed 4.00D ( including cylinder)
  • Near vision should be J1 and J2 respectively.
  • Distant vision for a better eye should be 6/6 or 6/9
  • Distant vision for the worse eye should be 6/12 or 6/9
  • High-grade color vision required
  • Binocular vision is required
  • Spectacles are allowed.
  • Squint is a disqualification


IPS Officer: Roles & Responsibility

The Indian Police Service comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs( MHA).  An IPS officer serves both the State and Centre and their primary responsibility is to maintain peace and security. Below are some of the major responsibilities of an IPS officer :

  • Border responsibilities and duties by counter-terrorism and border policing.
  • Maintain peace and order by prevention of crime, investigation, detection, and intelligence.
  • Safety and security of VIP.
  • Railway Policing
  • Drug trafficking and Anti-smuggling
  • Disaster management
  • Top-level post in Indian Intelligence Agencies like CBI, R&AW, IB, CID
  • Commanding Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies like Civil and Armed Police Forces in all Union Territories and States, and Central Armed Police Forces(CAPF) including Central Police Organisations (CPO) and Central Paramilitary Forces like BSF, ITBP, CRPF, NSG, CISF
  • Serve as a head authority in policymaking in the Ministries and Department of State and Central Governments as well as in Public Sector Undertakings(PSU).
  • Work closely with all other All-Indian Service, Indian Army, and Armed Forces.


Career Graph of IPS Officer

  • The highest position, an IPS officer can desire is the rank of Director General of Police. The newly appointed IPS officer has to go through two years of training or a probationary period. Three months of the foundation course is the first part of the training which is common for all the new UPSC CSE recruits.
  • After their training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA), Mussoorie, the IPS probationers go to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA), Hyderabad.
  • Apart from the above-mentioned training, they go through various indoor and outdoor exams.
Indoor Subjects Marks Outdoor Subjects Marks
Information & Communication Technology 100 Fieldcraft Tactics and Map Reading 200
Indian Evidence Act,1872 100 Drill 100
Indian Penal Code,1860 100 Drill 80
Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 100 Physical Fitness 80
Police Leadership and Management 100 Equitation 40
Crime Prevention & Criminology 75 Unarmed Combat 30
Police in Modern India 75 Swimming 25
Investigation-I 75 Yoga 25
Investigation—II 75 First Aid & Ambulance Drill 20
Forensic Science 75
Maintenance of Public Peace and Order 75
Internal Security 75
Special Laws 50
Forensic Medicine 50


  • Posted as Deputy Superintendent of Police
  • Posted as Additional Superintendent of Police
  • Posted as Senior Superintendent of Police
  • Posted as Deputy Inspector General of Police
  • Posted as Inspector General of Police
  • Posted as Additional Director General of Police
  • Director-General of Police



UPSC conducts exams in three-level as mentioned below.  The candidate has to clear all the 3 exams successfully to get the offer letter from Union Public Service Commission( UPSC)

  1. Preliminary Test
  2. Main Exam
  3. Interview.


Stage One-Preliminary Test (400 Marks) 

  • The Preliminary Exam consists of GS (General Studies) & CSAT( Civil Service Aptitude Test).
  • Both the papers are objective type (Multiple Choice Questions)
  • The question papers are set in Hindi and English language.
  • Blind candidate gets an additional 20 minutes of time for both papers.
  • Candidates appearing in the preliminary test must qualify for the cut-off score to get themselves eligible for the mains exam.
  • There is a negative marking associated with the question asked in the exam.
Paper Type Number of Questions Total Marks Negative Marking Duration
General Studies I Objective( MCQ) 100 200 Yes 2 Hours
General Studies II (CSAT) Objective( MCQ) 80 200 Yes 2 Hours


Stage Two-Main Examination (2025 Marks)

  • Candidates who qualify for the preliminary test are called for the Main Exam.
  • Main exam consists of 9 papers.
  • Paper A & B are qualifying in nature (Highlighted below)
  • The candidate needs to obtain at least 25% in each of the Paper I to Paper VII to be given weightage to the Main Exam
  • Paper A is not compulsory for the candidate belonging to the State of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Sikkim as well as the candidate from hearing impairment provided the fact that they have been exempted from such  2nd or 3rd language courses from their board or university.
  • The language paper consists of the languages included in the 8th schedule of the Constitution.
  • All the paper is bilingual – Hindi & English except for the language papers.


The written exam consists of the following papers

Paper Subject Type Duration Total Marks
Paper A One of the Indian Language Descriptive 3 Hours 300
Paper B English Descriptive 3 Hours 300
Paper I Essay Descriptive 3 Hours 250
Paper II General Studies I Descriptive 3 Hours 250
Paper III General Studies II Descriptive 3 Hours 250
Paper IV General Studies III Descriptive 3 Hours 250
Paper V General Studies IV Descriptive 3 Hours 250
Paper VI Optional I Descriptive 3 Hours 250
Paper VII Optional II Descriptive 3 Hours 250
Sub Total Marks 1750
Interview Marks 275
Grand Total Marks 2025


The subject which is covered in the General Studies in Main Exam is mentioned below 

General Studies I General Studies II General Studies III General Studies IV
Indian Heritage and Culture Governance Technology Ethics
History and Geography of the World Constitution Economic Development Integrity
Society Polity Bio-Diversity Aptitude
Social Justice Environment
International Relations Security and Disaster Management


The list of the Optional Paper VI and VII of the Main Exam is enumerated below

Agriculture Chemistry History Geography Mathematics
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Political Science and International Relations Mechanical Engineering Commerce and Accountancy Electrical Engineering
Anthropology Psychology Statistics Physics Economics
Botany Sociology Law Medical Science Geology
Zoology Philosophy Civil Engineering Public Administration Management
Literature can opt from any of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit,  Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, and English.



Stage Three- Interview (275 Marks )

The candidate who qualifies for the mains exam is called for the interview process. This is the last and final stage of the recruitment cycle before the final results are declared. The maximum mark in the interview is 275 thus accruing the total marks in the merit list to be 2025. UPSC board takes the interview which consists of competent panelist, who would judge the candidature on the following grounds :


  • Mental Attentiveness
  • Critical power of understanding
  • Clear and Logical Interpretation
  • Balance of Judgement
  • Ability of social solidarity and leadership
  • Intellectual and virtuous integrity


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