TOEFL : Popular English Breakthrough Exam for 2022

TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language is a standardized English language competency test designed for people who want to study or work abroad where the language of communication is English. This test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional universities.


It was started in 1964 and is the most popular English language certificate in the world. The Educational Testing Services (ETS) is the conducting body of the Test of English as a Foreign Language.


ETS is responsible for setting the question paper, conducting the tests, and also sending the scorecard to each and individual examinee. TOEFL iBT test is an internet-based test scored on a scale of 0 to 120 points.


There are around 4500 tests centers in more than 165 countries carrying almost 2.3 million tests every year. More than 10,000 colleges, organizations, institutions, and agencies across the globe accept this certificate as proof of proficiency in the English Language.


The exam mainly checks the capability of the test takers’ communication in the four basic English language skills, like listening, reading, speaking & writing.


Mostly the Canadian and American Universities along with other institution accepts the score for admission.


TOEFL Exam: Need and Advantages 

The TOEFL Exam is undertaken by the candidates who are planning to study and take admission in foreign universities and colleges. This exam is important as the foreign universities and visa granting authorities want to get sure that one does not face communication problems while staying in the country.

The exam is not mandatory as many universities might not even accept the TOEFL score for admission. But your chance of getting a student visa may decrease as the visa officer may not be convinced about your English proficiency without the TOEFL score.

Therefore, it is always advisable to take the TOEFL exam which makes the students eligible for scholarships and also help the candidates for the job along with their visa application process.

TOEFL is mostly accepted by Canadian and American Universities compared to other countries. It is conducted by the ETS which guarantees the students a fair and unbiased process of score reporting.


Types of TOEFL Exam 

The  Test of English as a Foreign Language test is conducted in two formats namely  IBT (Internet Based Test ) and PBT (Paper Based Test ).

  1. TOEFL IBT: Internet-based test is an online test and this is a more preferred test compared to the offline test.
  2. TOEFL PBT: Paper-based test is an offline test where paper and pen are used extensively for the exam. This is not preferred by the candidates. Also, this format of the test does not conduct the speaking test due to the availability of limited resources.


Highlights of the TOEFL Exam 

Exam Name


Full-Form Test of English as a Foreign Language
Conducting Body Educating Testing Services (ETS)
Accepted by Most popularly by Canada and America, also accepted by UK, Australia and New Zealand
Mode of Exam Internet-based and Paper based
Score Band Score  0-120 points
Exam Fees Registration fees for India is approx.  Rs. 13,605 (180$)
Official Website


Eligibility of Exam

Anyone can appear for this exam irrespective of age, race, gender, nationality, and religion.


Educational Qualification


There is no specified age required to appear for the exam. There is no minimum educational qualification needed, anyone who has passed high school or equivalent can write the exam There is no set limit for the number of attempts. But one cannot take the exam within 12 days of the previous exam. Only 5 attempts in a year are allowed.


Registration of TOEFL Exam

TOEFL test is conducted as many as 50 times a year by the conducting authorized center. There is no set limit for the number of attempts.  But one cannot take the exam within 12 days of the previous exam. Only 5 attempts in a year are allowed.


The Registration fee for the exam in India is approximately Rs. 13605 (180$), every time you appear for the exam you need to register with this amount of money.  Registration can be done in both the mode, is online and offline ( In-person).


Online TOEFL Registration 

Steps to Register for the Exam :

  • Step 1: Visit the official website of TOEFL. Create a new account or login into the already existing account.
  • Step 2: Go to the button ‘Register for Test ‘ option.
  • Step 3: Fill in personal details.
  • Step 4: Select preferred available Test Date
  • Step 5: Select the preferred available Test center.
  • Step 6: Pay the registration fees.
  • Step 7: Take the print of the acknowledgment receipt

Offline (In-Person) TOEFL Registration 

You can register for the exam in person also by visiting the TOEFL India Office.

Office Information


2nd Floor, DLF Infinity Tower -A

Sector – 25, Phase -II, DLF City

Gurugram, Haryana-122002



TOEFL Exam Pattern 

The test pattern comprises four sections-Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking. You get individual scores for all four sections as well as the total scores.

Internet-Based Test Pattern 

Internet-Based Exam Pattern

Component Description


Reading 3-4 Passages each having 10 questions 54-72 minutes
Listening 5-7 Passages each having 5-6  questions 41-57  minutes
Mandatory break
Speaking 4 tasks 17 minutes
Writing 2 tasks 50 minutes


TOEFL Paper Based Exam Pattern

Paper-Based Exam Pattern

Component Description


Listening There are 3 parts :

Part 1: 30 question about a short conversation

Part 2: 8 questions about a long  conversation

Part 3: 12 questions about talks & lectures.

30-40 minutes
Structure and Written Expression 15 exercises for completing sentences

24 exercise for identifying errors

25 minutes
Reading Comprehension 50 questions about reading passages 55 minutes
Writing Test of Written English (TWE). One essay with 250-300 words 30 minutes

Description of the TOEFL Internet Based Exam Score: The four-section scores of the exam are divided as follows :


Score Range

Mean Score













Total Score



Description of the TOEFL Paper Based Exam Score:  The four-section scores of the exam are divided as follows :

The final PBT score ranges between 310-677 based on the below subscores





Structure and Written Expression


Reading Comprehension


Writing This is not a part of the final score. It is marked on a scale of 0-6

TOEFL: Exam Result 

  • Online Mode: Intimation will be received through the mail by ETS after 10 days of giving the exam. The result can be printed after 13 days of the exam.
  • Offline Mode: For the offline or paper-based test, the result will be declared 5 weeks after the test date.


TOEFL Validity Period

The validity of the TOEFL score is for 2 years.


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