Highlights of New Education Policy-2020

The New Education Policy 2020 was announced by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. This is the new era of the education system after several decades. This new education policy (NEP) has replaced the 34 years old of the National Policy of Education (NPE) of 1986.

 

 

This New Education Policy 2020 is a fallout of the Draft New Education Policy presented by a committee headed by Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan, former Chairman ISRO.

 

 

The policy is an exhaustive and comprehensive framework for elementary education to higher education. This also focuses on vocational training in both the rural and urban parts of the country. The sole aim of the new policy is to transform India’s Education System by 2040.

The vision of the National Education Policy

 

 

National Education Policy 2020 envisions an India-centric education system that contributes directly to transforming our nation sustainably into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society by providing high-quality education to all.

 

 

Provision of the National Education Policy

 

The NEP 2020 enacts numerous changes in India’s education policy. It aims to increase state expenditure on education from around 4% to 6% of the GDP.

 

Key Focuses Changes and Objectives

 

1.Languages

 

 

The NEP 2020 laid the importance on mother tongue and regional languages to be the instruction of medium until class 5.

 

 

Sanskrit and Foreign languages will also be given emphasis.

 

 

No languages will be imposed on the students

 

 

2.New Pedagogy and Curriculum Framework

2.A: School Education

Foundation Stage:

 

This is divided into two stages- 3 years of preschool or Anganwadis, followed by classes 1 and 2 in primary school. It will be for 5 years for the age groups of 3-8 years.

 

The focus of the studies will be activity-based learning.

 

Preparatory Stage:

 

This will cover Classes 3 to 5, which will cover the age group of 8-11 years. At this level, there will be a gradual introduction of the subjects like speaking, reading, writing, physical education, Language, arts, science, and mathematics.

Middle Stage:

 

This will cover Classes 6 to 8, which will cover the age group of 11-14 years.

 

This level will introduce more abstract concepts in subjects like science, social sciences, arts, and humanities.

 

Secondary Stage:

 

This will cover Classes 9 to 12, which will cover the age group of 14-19 years. It is subdivided into two parts.

 

Class 9 and 10 in the first phase and classes 11 and 12 in the second phase. During these 4 years of study, multidisciplinary study along with deep and critical thinking will be inculcated.

 

Multiple options of subjects will be available for selection

2.B: Higher Education

 

NEP 2020, introduced a 4-year multidisciplinary undergraduate programme with multiple exit options. This will include professional and vocational areas and will be implemented as follows

 

 

  • A completion certificate after 1 year of study
  • A Diploma after completion of 2 years of study
  • A Bachelor’s degree after completion of 3 years of study
  • A 4 Year multidisciplinary bachelor’s degree.

 

M.Phil. (Master of Philosophy) courses will be discontinued.

 

A Higher Education Council of India (HECI) will be set to regulate higher education.  HECI will have four verticals:

 

  1. National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC), excluding the medical and legal education- Regulation of higher education including the teacher’s education.
  2. General Education Council (GEC)- focuses on Standard-Setting-
  3. Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC)- for Funding and financing of Universities and Colleges.
  4. National Accreditation Council (NAC)- for Accreditation.

 

Other professional councils such as Veterinary Council of India, Council of Architecture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, and National Council for Vocational Education and Training.

 

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will now be conducting all the entrance examination across the country in addition to the JEE  and NEET

 

 

The policy also emphasizes internationalize education in India.

 

 

Foreign Universities can now set up their campuses in India.

 

 

The fees for both the private and public universities will be fixed.

 

2.C: Teacher  Education

 

To be eligible for becoming a teacher, one would have a 4-Year Bachelor of Education with the minimum requirement needed by 2030.

 

 

The National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) will frame a National Curriculum Framework for Teachers Education by 2021 and a National Professional Standards for Teachers by 2022.

 

SOME IMPORTANT FACTS TO BE NOTED :

 

  • The national education Commission will be headed by the Prime Minister of India.
  • Academic Bank of Credit is a digital storage of credits earned to help the students to resume education by using credits for further education.
  • National Research and Foundation to focus on improvement of research and innovation.
  • Special Education Zone, to focus on the education of the underrepresented groups in a disadvantaged region.
  • Gender Inclusion Fund for assisting the nation in the education of female and transgender children.

National Education Technology Forum, a platform to facilitate the exchange of ideas on the technology used to improve learning.

National Education Policy
National Education Policy

 

Comparison between National Education Policy (NEP), 2020

VS

National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986

NEW EDUCATION POLICY 2020 NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION 1986
Ministry of Education Ministry of Human Resource Development
Gross Enrollment ratio -50% (2035) Gross Enrollment ratio -26.3% (2018)
Format is 5+3+3+4 Format is 10+2
Age bracket

Age 3-8 years

Age 8-11 years

Age 11-14 years

Age 14-18 years

Age bracket

Age 6-16 years

Age 16-18 years

 

Exam to be conducted

Class 3, 5, 8, 10 ,12

Exam conducted every year till Class 12
Board Exam- Twice a year and the format would be objective and descriptive Board Exam- Once a year and the format was descriptive
The stream can be selected on the basis of the interest and desire Only three streams for selection-Arts. Science & Commerce
One mandatory vocational subject at class 6-8 Not mandatory
Health card and checkup will be done Health card and supplements program is already running
Three languages by State, Region, and choice of the students Three languages -Hindi, English, and the regional language
Preparatory class Balvatika for children below the age of 5 – Only ECCE qualified teacher Not applicable
Report cards to be evaluated by the teachers, peers, and students. Report card to be evaluated by the teachers.
360-degree holistic report card for the students including the skills.  
Coding to be taught from class 6 onwards No such options available
E-Content in 8 languages Lack of regional languages E-Content
Multiple entries and exit options for incomplete courses. The credit will be transferred through the Academic Bank of Credits No such options available
Free boarding schools like JNV for poor students  
National Scholarship Portal for SC, ST, OBC, and SEDG. National Scholarship Portal for SC, ST, OBC, and SEDG.
Minimum qualification for teaching- 4 years integrated B.Ed. degree. No such options available
IITs will include multidisciplinary streams like Arts, Humanities, etc. No such options available
Four options for higher studies

1 Year -Diploma

2 Year- Advanced Diploma

3 Year- Graduation

4 Year -Graduation with research

Four options for higher studies

1 Year -Diploma

2 Year- Advanced Diploma

3 Year- Graduation

4 Year -Graduation with research

After graduation, a Master’s degree with 1 or 2 years of research options are available After graduation, a Master’s degree with 1 or 2 years of research options are available
M. Phil is discontinued. A doctorate can be pursued after Masters First M. Phil then Doctorate can be pursued.
Controlling authority: Divided into 4 parts

5.       Regulation- National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC)

6.       Standard-Setting- General Education Council (GEC)

7.       Funding- Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC)

8.       Accreditation- National Accreditation Council (NAC)

Controlling Authority: Some are below

1.       UGC

2.       AICTE(Technical)

3.       ICAR (Agriculture)

4.       BCI (Legal)

5.       CCIM (Medical)

6.       ICAI

7.       CBSE

8.       NCERT etc.

New academic session to begin in September-October 2020  

 

Glossary 

 

Acronym Definition
ABC Academic Bank of Credit
AI Artificial Intelligence
AC Autonomous degree-granting College
AEC Adult Education Centre
API Application Programming Interface
AYUSH Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy
B.Ed. Bachelor of Education
BEO Block Education Officer
BITE Block Institute of Teacher Education
BoA Board of Assessment
BoG Board of Governors
B.Voc Bachelor of Vocational Education
CABE Central Advisory Board of Education
CBCS Choice Based Credit System
CBSE Central Board of Secondary Education
CIET Central Institute of Educational Technology
CMP Career Management and Progression
CoA Council of Architecture
CPD Continuous Professional Development
CRC Cluster Resource Centre
CWSN Children With Special Needs
DEO District Education Officer
DIET District Institute of Education and Training
DIKSHA Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing
DSE Directorate of School Education
DST Department of Science and Technology
ECCE Early Childhood Care and Education
EEC Eminent Expert Committee
GCED Global Citizenship Education
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEC General Education Council
GER Gross Enrolment Ratio
GFR General Financial Rule
HECI Higher Education Commission of India
HEGC Higher Education Grants Council
HEI Higher Education Institutions
ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICHR Indian Council of Historical Research
ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
IGNOU Indira Gandhi National Open University
IIM Indian Institute of Management
IIT Indian Institute of Technology
IITI Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation
ISL Indian Sign Language
ITI Industrial Training Institute
M.Ed. Master of Education
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MERU Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities
MHFW Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
MoE Ministry of Education
MOOC Massive Open Online Course
MWCD Ministry of Women and Child Development
NAC National Accreditation Council
NAS National Achievement Survey
NCC National Cadet Corps
NCERT National Council of Educational Research and Training
NCF National Curriculum Framework
NCFSE National Curriculum Framework for School Education
NCFTE National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education
NCIVE National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education
NCPFECCE National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education
NCTE National Council for Teacher Education
NCVET National Council for Vocational Education and Training
NETF National Educational Technology Forum
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
NHEQF National Higher Education Qualifications Framework
NHERC National Higher Education Regulatory Council
NIOS National Institute of Open Schooling
NIT National Institute of Technology
NITI National Institution for Transforming India
NPE National Policy on Education
NPST National Professional Standards for Teachers
NRF National Research Foundation
NSQF National Skills Qualifications Framework
NSSO National Sample Survey Office
NTA National Testing Agency
ODL Open and Distance Learning
PARAKH Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development
PCI Pharmacy Council of India
PhD Doctor of Philosophy
PTR Pupil-Teacher Ratio
RCI Rehabilitation Council of India
RPWD Rights of Persons with Disabilities
SAS State Achievement Survey
SCDP School Complex/Cluster Development Plans
SCERT State Council of Educational Research and Training 
SCF State Curricular Framework
SCMC School Complex Management Committee
SDG Sustainable Development Goal
SDP School Development Plan
SEDG Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Group
SEZ Special Education Zone
SIOS State Institutes of Open Schooling
SMC School Management Committee
SQAAF School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework
SSA Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
SSS Simple Standard Sanskrit
SSSA State School Standards Authority
STEM Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
STS Sanskrit Through Sanskrit
SWAYAM Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds
TEI Teacher Education Institution
TET Teacher Eligibility Test
U-DISE Unified District Information System for Education
UGC University Grants Commission
VCI Veterinary Council of India

 

 

Abbreviations

 

 

 ABC Academic Bank of Credit

AI Artificial Intelligence

AC Autonomous degree-granting College

AEC Adult Education Centre

API Application Programming Interface

AYUSH Ayurveda, Yoga, and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy

B.Ed. Bachelor of Education

BEO Block Education Officer

BITE Block Institute of Teacher Education

BoA Board of Assessment

BoG Board of Governors

BRC Block Resource Centre

B.Voc Bachelor of Vocational Education

CABE Central Advisory Board of Education

CBCS Choice Based Credit System

CBSE Central Board of Secondary Education

CIET Central Institute of Educational Technology

CMP Career Management and Progression

CoA Council of Architecture

CPD Continuous Professional Development

CRC Cluster Resource Centre

CWSN Children With Special Needs

DAE Department of Atomic Energy

DBT Department of Biotechnology

DEO District Education Officer

DIET District Institute of Education and Training

DIKSHA Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing

DSE Directorate of School Education

DST Department of Science and Technology

ECCE Early Childhood Care and Education

EEC Eminent Expert Committee

GCED Global Citizenship Education

GDP Gross Domestic Product

GEC General Education Council

GER Gross Enrolment Ratio

GFR General Financial Rule

HECI Higher Education Commission of India

HEGC Higher Education Grants Council

HEI Higher Education Institutions

ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research

ICHR Indian Council of Historical Research

ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research

ICT Information and Communication Technology

IDP Institutional Development Plan

IGNOU Indira Gandhi National Open University

IIM Indian Institute of Management

IIT Indian Institute of Technology

IITI Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation

ISL Indian Sign Language

ITI Industrial Training Institute

M.Ed. Master of Education

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

MERU Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities

MHFW Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

 

MHRD Ministry of Human Resource Development

MoE Ministry of Education

MOOC Massive Open Online Course

MoU Memorandum of Understanding

  1. Phil Master of Philosophy

MWCD Ministry of Women and Child Development

NAC National Accreditation Council

NAS National Achievement Survey

NCC National Cadet Corps

NCERT National Council of Educational Research and Training

NCF National Curriculum Framework

NCFSE National Curriculum Framework for School Education

NCFTE National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education

NCIVE National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education

NCPFECCE National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education

NCTE National Council for Teacher Education

NCVET National Council for Vocational Education and Training

NETF National Educational Technology Forum

NGO Non-Governmental Organization

NHEQF National Higher Education Qualifications Framework

NHERC National Higher Education Regulatory Council

NIOS National Institute of Open Schooling

NIT National Institute of Technology

NITI National Institution for Transforming India

NPE National Policy on Education

NPST National Professional Standards for Teachers

NRF National Research Foundation

NSQF National Skills Qualifications Framework

NSSO National Sample Survey Office

NTA National Testing Agency

OBC Other Backward Classes

ODL Open and Distance Learning

PARAKH Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development

PCI Pharmacy Council of India

PFMS Public Financial Management System

Ph. D Doctor of Philosophy

PSSB Professional Standard Setting Body

PTR Pupil Teacher Ratio

R&I Research and Innovation

RCI Rehabilitation Council of India

RPWD Rights of Persons with Disabilities

SAS State Achievement Survey

SC Scheduled Caste(s)

SCDP School Complex/Cluster Development Plans

SCERT State Council of Educational Research and Training

SCF State Curricular Framework

SCMC School Complex Management Committee

SDG Sustainable Development Goal

SDP School Development Plan

SEDG Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Group

SEZ Special Education Zone

SIOS State Institutes of Open Schooling

SMC School Management Committee

SQAAF School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework

SSA Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

SSS Simple Standard Sanskrit 

SSSA State School Standards Authority

ST Scheduled Tribe(s)

STEM Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

STS Sanskrit Through Sanskrit

SWAYAM Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds

TEI Teacher Education Institution

TET Teacher Eligibility Test

U-DISE Unified District Information System for Education

UGC University Grants Commission

UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UT Union Territory

VCI Veterinary Council of India

 

 

Hope you find the information valuable.

 

Share your inputs in the comments section below.

 

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